This shaped, carved, and engraved case is one of the finest mother-of-pearl examples one is likely to find. The central panel is carved in bas relief with two birds and flowers ornamented with turquoise; the background and borders are finely engraved. It was made in the mid-19th century in either England or France. Unlike ivory, wood and tortoiseshell, mother-of-pearl is very brittle, making it difficult to carve and shape. Because of this it is rare to find mother-of-pearl cases with such ornate outlines.